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  #1 (permalink)  
Old 02-07-2015, 12:02 PM
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Default Air Filter Calculator

This is interesting, I don't know how accurate it is but it shows for example: a 400HP 427 loses 13hp at 6000 rpm with a 9 x 2 Paper filter.

Second Strike Air Cleaner Calculator
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Old 02-07-2015, 02:45 PM
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Interesting site!

It seems it's a little forgiving (read: not much loss of hp) when I put my info into it, so here's a quote from K&N's web site about filter sizing:

Quote:
Filter Selection

If maximum horsepower is the objective, the size and shape of the air filter element is paramount.

Let's first consider shape. When fitting a conventional round filter on top of the engine, such as a carburetor, central fuel injection or throttle body fuel injection, we have found a large diameter, short filter will flow more air than a small diameter, tall filter. For example, a 10-inch diameter filter 2-inches tall will flow more air than a 5-inch diameter filter that is 4-inches tall. Where space permits, the height of the filter should be between 1/5 and 1/4 of its diameter.

The shape of the filter is less important if the application calls for a remote mounted filter, which includes many late model fuel injected models. Typically these vehicles will use a flat panel filter or a conical or cylindrical shaped filter with a rubber mounting flange designed to be mounted on the end of the inlet hose.

That brings us to size.

Use the formula below to compute the minimum size filter required for your particular application. The usable portion of the filter is called the EFFECTIVE FILTERING AREA which is determined by multiplying the diameter of the filter times Pi (3.1416) times the height of the air filter in inches, then subtracting .75-inch. We subtract .75-inch to compensate for the rubber seals on each end of the element and the filter material near them since very little air flows through this area.

A=(CID X RPM) / 20,839
A = effective filtering area
CID = cubic inch displacement
RPM = revolutions per minute at maximum power

Example: A 350 CID Chevy engine with a horsepower peak at 5,500 rpm.

A=(350 X 5500) / 20,839 = 92.4 square inches

If you are sizing a panel filter, multiply the width of the filter area (not the rubber seal) times its length. If you are sizing a round filter, use the following formula to determine the height of the filter.

H=(A/D*3.14)+0.75
A = effective filtering area
H = height
D = outside diameter of the filter
3.14 = pi
0.75 = the rubber end caps
Example:

H=(92.4 / 12 * 3.14)+0.75 = 3.20 inches

Referencing the K&N catalog shows the proper filter for this application would be an E-1500 which is 3.5 inches tall. Keep in mind, this is the minimum size requirement. To extend the service interval and to provide an even greater volume of air to the engine, install the largest filter that will fit in the space allotted. If the space above the engine is restrictive, perhaps a remote filter arrangement could be used to gain space.

Off-road conditions require added filter area. A filter should be sized 1-1/2 to 2 times larger than normal for any conditions that could be considered severe. In this case, the E-1500 used in our example should be replaced by an E-1120 or an E-1150. For long distance off-road events, two double-size remote mounted filters would be best.
If I wasn't quoting I would have made the example a 351 Ford instead...



Tom
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Old 02-07-2015, 03:58 PM
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I'm certainly not an engineer but I know of real world results..

331 stroker,472hp @ 6400 rpms,no air filter

with a 14 inch diameter X 3 inch tall AC Delco paper filter element,my engine lost 2 hp on the dyno.......

The dyno guy was amazed,he guessed it would have been in the 5 to 10 hp range....we did 3 or 4 pulls with the air filter on and just to make sure,it was the same each time.....

David
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Old 02-07-2015, 04:59 PM
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David, it would have been interesting to have then compared a drop base filter assembly or a 2" filter, because the problem is usually that you can't fit a 14x3 in a Cobra like you can in a tintop.
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Old 02-07-2015, 05:52 PM
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The K&N calculator shows I need a 14X3.7. When building the intake using the actual media flow numbers it came out to 14x4.1 so not too far off, but still a little happy. I'm running a 14x5 for just a bit of margin.
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Old 02-07-2015, 07:52 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by DAVID GAGNARD View Post
I'm certainly not an engineer but I know of real world results..

331 stroker,472hp @ 6400 rpms,no air filter

with a 14 inch diameter X 3 inch tall AC Delco paper filter element,my engine lost 2 hp on the dyno.......

The dyno guy was amazed,he guessed it would have been in the 5 to 10 hp range....we did 3 or 4 pulls with the air filter on and just to make sure,it was the same each time.....

David
If I plug your numbers into the Second Strike Air Cleaner Calculator it returns a 1.99 HP loss @ 6,400 RPM. Pretty close to your 2 HP on the dyno, I'd say.

Change the element to 'oiled felt' (e.g. K&N) and the loss is only 0.68 HP - you could gain a whole 1.31 HP by switching elements. Imagine how much stronger it would pull with an X-Stream top!
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Old 02-07-2015, 09:14 PM
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I did this test with an Extreme Top K&N on my 427 before I had it stroked. The difference was...............1 HP less with the air filter in place. The real loss is going from the flywheel to the rear wheels.

Tim
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Old 02-07-2015, 11:37 PM
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I agree, filter tops are going to get more air in than a solid top. Just common sense, no calculator, more surface area = more air flow. Just have to get use to the look.

Paul...
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Old 02-08-2015, 06:17 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 750hp View Post
David, it would have been interesting to have then compared a drop base filter assembly or a 2" filter, because the problem is usually that you can't fit a 14x3 in a Cobra like you can in a tintop.
This engine went into my 1965 Mustang Coupe road racer,same one in my avatar.......

The air filter housing actually was a drop based filter...on the Mustang,you can run a 2" filter and it will fit under the stock hood,barely.......I wanted at least a 3" filter,so I had got a drop base filter housing of 1.5"s and that is what was used on the dyno and the car.....

David
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Old 02-08-2015, 06:56 AM
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Smile air filter

three years ago I was working on a B&B with a stock-ist 351W. We took it to the industrial park and ran it thru the gears. It would not rev pass 4300 rpms in any gear.
We pulled over to the side of the road and looked under the hood. It had a 8" S&H filter . We removed the air cleaner/filter. Now it would pull to 6,000 with no problem.
The air filter was clean.

We bought a larger filter and problem solved.

Dwight
I put the 8" filter on my old 79 Ford truck with a 302. It could not rev to 4000 before the filter, so the filter can hurt it. LOOK good on motor.
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Old 03-01-2015, 05:20 PM
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Back to back dyno pulls, using the tiny K&N filter on my 351w 427, it went from 461rwhp with the filter to 482rwhp at 5600 with no filter.

Last edited by itstock; 03-01-2015 at 05:30 PM..
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Old 03-02-2015, 06:09 AM
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I did my own calculations.

(( CID x Max RPM ) / 3456 ) * 1.1 = CFM...I use this for the cubic feet.

Then the square area of the filter AND the filter level.

If your filter is very fine, like 5 microns, you are going to need a larger area to allow the same amount of air to flow through.

Then there is the accumulated time to a reduction in flow. If you use an area that equals your calculation, you are going to be at a loss as soon as you pull in air and filter it.

Not sure if this hellps anyone, but it is interesting when you are thinking of putting in cold air intake system.

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Old 03-02-2015, 07:08 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by trularin View Post
I did my own calculations.

(( CID x Max RPM ) / 3456 ) * 1.1 = CFM...I use this for the cubic feet.

Then the square area of the filter AND the filter level.

If your filter is very fine, like 5 microns, you are going to need a larger area to allow the same amount of air to flow through.

Then there is the accumulated time to a reduction in flow. If you use an area that equals your calculation, you are going to be at a loss as soon as you pull in air and filter it.

Not sure if this hellps anyone, but it is interesting when you are thinking of putting in cold air intake system.

I think level of filtration and filter area is where the calculators have issues. One 14X4 may have double the effective filter area when compared to another one of the same size. If you don't know the media flow characteristics new vs. after some use, the calculators are only valuable for new filters.

All of this is why I am of the belief that most cobra owners are losing much more to filtration than they would like to believe. I would love to have gone with a 14X4 but the math clearly supported the need for 14X5 for a 700 hp engine.
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